Author: Elie Wiesel
The so-called Wiesel Commission was an International Commission on the Holocaust in Romania, which was appointed in October 2003 by Ion Iliescu, former President of Romania to research and elaborate a report on the actual history of the Holocaust in Romania and to formulate recommendations for the education of the public on the issue. The Commission has been led by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Elie Wiesel and the well-known Romanian historian Jean Ancel, and released its report in 2004. The document stated that between 280,000 and 380,000 Jews were murdered or died under the supervision and as a result of the deliberate policies of Romanian civilian and military authorities. In the meantime, 11,000 Roma people were also killed. The Wiesel Commission report fully documented the participation of the Romanian regime of Ion Antonescu in the Holocaust as well as the antisemitic drive and violence against Jews in Romania before World War II, when the Jewish population of the country was among the largest in Europe. The Romanian government recognized the findings of the report.